Welcome to Animal Health, your reference Web for 16 years

We belong to the VISAVET Research Centre from the Complutense University of Madrid (UCM). We work in research and teaching on animal infectious diseases.

 
  • Queremos agradeceros todo el apoyo y fidelidad que nos habéis dado durante estos 16 años, estrenando nuevo diseño Web compatible con dispositivos móviles. A partir de septiembre habrá nuevas secciones. Os deseamos un feliz verano!
  • Somos Laboratorio de Referencia de la Organización Mundial de la Sanidad Animal (OIE) en Peste Porcina Africana (PPA) y Peste Equina Africana PEA.
  • Realizamos el diagnóstico de los principales virus que afectan a las abejas, siendo pioneros en el desarrollo y puesta a punto de nuevas técnicas para su estudio.
  • La investigación epidemiologica de la Peste Porcina Clásica y Africana (PPC y PPA) son dos de nuestras prioridades.
  • En SUAT trabajamos en la aplicación de la termografía a la sanidad animal, especialmente ventajosa en animales en libertad y de zoo.
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Attention students

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OUTLINES

The presence of ASF was confirmed in the EU

Lina Mur Gil & José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno
February 24th, 2014. SUAT-UCM

In recent weeks it has been reported for the first time, the presence of African swine fever (ASF) on two EU countries: Lithuania and Poland that were never affected by this disease. Since the entrance of ASF in Eastern Europe in mid-2007, the disease has followed a continuous and steady spread, greatly expanding its diffusion zones. These events posed a potential risk to the swine industry in the European Union (EU), as has seen confirmed in the last month. 

Outbreaks reported to OIE between 2007 and 19 February 2014 in Eastern Europe
Source: Own elaboration with data from OIE, 2014

During the early years, ASF remained more or less confined in the Caucasus region, affecting Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan and southern Russia. However, since summer 2011, the ASF outbreaks became common in the central region of Russia, where the disease is present in endemic form, affecting both domestic and wild boar (Sánchez-Vizcaíno et al., 2013). After settling in this central area, ASF continued to spread westward, and the first outbreaks were reported in 2012 in Ukraine, and in 2013 in Belarus. One of the reported outbreaks in Belarus was located within 30 km of the border with Lithuania.

These outbreaks caused alarm in the EU, fearing a possible entry of the disease in the EU, as it has ended up happening. The January 24, 2014 the presence of two death wild boar in Lithuania, positive to ASFV was notified to the OIE (OIE, 2014a). These wild boar were found within 15 km of the border with Belarus. The laboratory analysis confirmed the presence of ASFV in the wild boar by PCR technique. The virus was also. Antibodies were also found in tissue exudates. Another positive wild boar was also found dead in Poland in February 17, located only 900m from the border with Belarus (OIE, 2014b).

These are the first two EU countries affected by ASF from outbreaks in Eastern Europe. In both cases, the entry of the disease came from wild animals, which highlights the role that these animals may have in spreading the virus under favorable conditions. The fact that the infection has reached the gates of the EU through wildlife not only confirms the absence of effective control measures in the affected areas, but also the potential presence of the virus in much broader regions than the officially notified.

Sources:

  • Sánchez-Vizcaíno JM, Mur L, Martínez-López B. African swine fever (ASF): Five years around Europe. Vet Microbiol. 26; 165 (1-2):45-50.
  • World Organization for Animal Health, 2014a: WAHID database. Informe de notificación inmediata, OIE Ref: 14690.
  • World Organization for Animal Health, 2014b: WAHID database. Informe de notificación inmediata, OIE Ref: 14793.

1.500.000 doses of vaccine against BT

Almudena Sánchez Matamoros & José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno
February 19th, 2014. SUAT-UCM

Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment distributed 1,500,000 doses of vaccine against serotype 4 of bluetongue virus.

Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment has acquired 1,500,000 doses sufficient to protect all sensitive species located in the compulsory vaccination, estimated at 250,000 head of cattle and 500,000 sheep. This measure is to achieve the eradication of the disease, reduce its spread outside of the restricted zone and reduce the economic consequences associated with the presence of the disease in farms.

This acquisition is included within the framework of regulations, published last November (AAA/2201/2013), on specific measures to protect livestock cattle and sheep against the disease.

Related information: MAGRAMA

Bluetongue in Spain (February 2014)

Almudena Sánchez Matamoros & José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno
February 19th, 2014. SUAT-UCM

EPIDEMIOLOGIC SITUATION

In the vector activity period 2013-2014 has been a major change in the epidemiological situation of Bluetongue virus (BTV). This has led to the decision to enhance current surveillance, control and eradication measures against the disease, highlighting the changes in the vaccination program.

Epidemiological evolution vector activity period 2013-2014

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Global Platform for ASF

Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Alimentación y la Agricultura Professor José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno participate in the meeting "Launching of the Global Platform for African swine fever and other pig diseases" with a lecture entitled "A success story: ASF eradication from the Iberian Peninsula".

Place: Rome, Philippines room (FAO Headquarters).
Date: November 5th, 2013.

First outbreak of Bluetongue Virus (BTV) in Spain in the period of vector activity 2013-2014

Almudena Sánchez Matamoros & José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno
October 18th, 2013. SUAT-UCM

On October 15, Veterinary Officers of Andalusia and Castilla -La Mancha have reported the recirculation of BTV serotype 1 in Toledo and BTV serotypes 4 in Cadiz.

The first outbreak of BTV 1 of the vector activity 2013- 2014 has declared on a sentinel farm located in the district of Oropesa (Toledo). The outbreak was detected in unvaccinated bovine of the Bluetongue Surveillance National Program. Confirmation has been carried out by the Algete Central Veterinary Laboratory indicating that it is an outbreak of serotype 1. This fact implies the recurrence of the disease in Spain in 2013 after the last outbreak detected in Caceres in 2012.

Simultaneously, the first outbreak of BTV 4 of vector activity 2013-2014 was reported on a sheep farm located in the region of Campo de Gibraltar (Cadiz). The sampling was performed by the appearance of symptoms compatible with the disease. In the same way, confirmation and serotyping of the virus has been carried out by the Algete Central Veterinary Laboratory. In this case the recurrence of the disease has occurred six months after of the last reported outbreak in the same region.

Outbreaks have been declared in the restricted areas of disease for each of the serotypes, but Spanish Government has decided to increase the prevention, surveillance and control measures of the disease in these areas. The aim is prevent the spread of the disease and increase the information epidemiology of the disease in Spain. In addition, the vaccination of susceptible animals in the affected areas and neighboring areas has been recommended.

Links: RASVE

George C. Poppensiek Visiting Professor in Global Animal Health

Cornell UniversityCornell University (Ithaca, New York) has appointed Prof. Jose Manuel Sanchez-Vizcaino as "2013 George C. Poppensiek Visiting Professor in Global Animal Health".

During days 4 to 11 September, the teacher will stay in college to participate with several presentations on Global Animal Health.

All SUAT unit of the Complutense University wants to convey his congratulations on this appointment.

Update (pics of the event):

2013 George C. Poppensiek Visiting Professor in Global Animal Health Jose Manuel Sanchez-Vizcaino

Prof. C. Poppensiek welcomes to Prof. Sánchez-Vizcaíno

2013 George C. Poppensiek Visiting Professor in Global Animal Health Jose Manuel Sanchez-Vizcaino

Prof. C. Poppensiek, Prof. A. Torres & Prof. Sánchez-Vizcaíno

2013 George C. Poppensiek Visiting Professor in Global Animal Health Jose Manuel Sanchez-Vizcaino

Prof. Carmichael, Prof. Poppensiek, Prof. Kotlikoff (Dean of the College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University) & Prof. Sánchez-Vizcaíno

Facundo José Linares PhD defense

PhD Facundo José Linares

Last 13th of September Facundo José Linares defended his PhD Thesis: "Desarrollo de un análisis de riesgo de entrada y un modelo de difusión potencial del virus de newcastle en la República Argentina” directed by Prof. José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno & Dra. Beatriz Martínez López.

PhD Facundo José LinaresDesarrollo de un análisis de riesgo de entrada y un modelo de difusión potencial del virus de newcastle en la República Argentina PhD Summary

Salón de Actos de la Facultad de Veterinaria (UCM)
12:00 - 13/9/2012

Guo Xiaoyu PhD Thesis

Tesis doctoral de Guo Xiaoyu

     On Monday July 22 at 12:00 in the room's Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Xiaoyu Guo defended his PhD thesis entitled "The Study of the adjuvanticity of plasmid-specific swine container containing CpG motif on two swine vaccines," directed by Dr. Jose Manuel Sanchez-Vizcaino and Dr. Zhu Hongfei.

Tesis doctoral de Guo XiaoyuTesis doctoral de Guo Xiaoyu

Management of Agricultural and Environmental Risks

     Nacimiento de la agricultura The Secretariat of Agriculture, Food and Environment (MAGRAMA) organized this seminar on 25th June in Madrid.

Professor Sanchez-Vizcaino participated with the oral communication "New surveillance based on risk: European projects that will change the history of the prevention and control of diseases".

 PDF Diptych of the seminar (spanish)