Welcome to Animal Health, your reference Web for 16 years

We belong to the VISAVET Research Centre from the Complutense University of Madrid (UCM). We work in research and teaching on animal infectious diseases.

  • Queremos agradeceros todo el apoyo y fidelidad que nos habéis dado durante estos 16 años, estrenando nuevo diseño Web compatible con dispositivos móviles. A partir de septiembre habrá nuevas secciones. Os deseamos un feliz verano!
  • Somos Laboratorio de Referencia de la Organización Mundial de la Sanidad Animal (OIE) en Peste Porcina Africana (PPA) y Peste Equina Africana PEA.
  • Realizamos el diagnóstico de los principales virus que afectan a las abejas, siendo pioneros en el desarrollo y puesta a punto de nuevas técnicas para su estudio.
  • La investigación epidemiologica de la Peste Porcina Clásica y Africana (PPC y PPA) son dos de nuestras prioridades.
  • En SUAT trabajamos en la aplicación de la termografía a la sanidad animal, especialmente ventajosa en animales en libertad y de zoo.

Attention students

     You can find the outlines
     in the link below.


Foot and mouth disease simulation exercise in Castilla La Mancha, Spain

During 19 and 20 November 2012 a foot and mouth disease (FMD) simulation exercise in real time has been organized in the region of Castilla La Mancha with the colaboration between , the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment (MAGRAMA), the Autonomous Community of Castilla-La Mancha and our group SUAT-VISAVET.

In that exercise, clinical symptoms compatible with the disease have been reproduced in a private cattle breeding farm located in the town of Talavera de la Reina (Toledo. The activities of different services involved have been monitoring, from the private veterinarians, veterinary services from MAGRAMA, sample taking and sending to National Reference Laboratory (LCV Algete) and the communication of suspicion.

This simulation exercise had been previously reported to the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) and the European Commission.

Simulacro de Fiebre Aftosa en Castilla La Mancha

This field simulation exercise, aims mainly at reviewing and verifying the National and Autonomous emergency plans, the control measures and the eradication of a FMD outbreak in Spain with a view to identifying improvements to be made in the plans, instructions, structures and procedures.

The specific objectives of this simulation exercise are the following:

  1. Evaluate the coordination between the MAGRAMA and the Autonomous Communities (CCAA) when facing a notification of an FMD outbreak in Spain;
  2. Evaluate the existence and/or the efficiency of the MAGRAMA and CCAA contingency plans for FMD;
  3. Evaluate the veterinary services capacity of the CCAA to identify the farms susceptible to be affected by an FMD outbreak;
  4. Evaluate the veterinary services actions of the CCAA in case they need to send potentially FMD infected samples to a laboratory;
  5. Evaluate the response of the National reference laboratory in case of reception of the FMD samples.

Yesterday afternoon (20th of November) the field simulation ended with a press conference where the Deputy Director General of Primary Production Sanitary Safety, Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment (MAGRAMA), the Director General of Agriculture and Livestock of Castilla-La Mancha and Prof. Jose Manuel Sanchez-Vizcaino, explained the key points of the exercise.

The new in the media: OIE / MAGRAMA / Castilla-La Mancha / Europapress / 20minutos / Qué / La Tribuna de Toledo / Terra / teinteresa.es / Agro información / La cerca / Radio Surco / Ferias y mercados

Most of Spain declared free of serotype 8 of Bluetongue

Almudena Sánchez Matamoros  & José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno
  November 14th, 2012. SUAT-UCM

On 14 November 2012, Spain has proceeded to declare itself free of serotype 8 of the bluetongue virus (BTV), except the region of Campo de Gibraltar (Cadiz). This action is performed according to Regulation 1266/2007 and Directive 2000/75/EC, after three years of absence of virus circulation of this serotype in Spain. The appropriate strategy for control and eradication of the disease from the entrance of this serotype in Spain in 2008 allowed control the BTV, declaring the last outbreak of serotype 8 in Spain (excluding the region of Campo de Gibraltar) in February 2009. Highlight that this region will expect that reach this status in 2013, as reported the last outbreak of serotype 8 in November 2010.

The restriction zones of Spain as of November 2012 are: Canary and Balearic Island are considered free of disease; Spain mainland would be considered restriction zone for serotype 1, four provinces in southern Spain also have this category for serotype 4 and the region of Campo de Gibraltar also includes serotype 8. 

Zonas de restriccion Lengua Azul en España a fecha de noviembre 2012

Fig. 6: Bluetongue restriction zones in Spain as of November 2012. Source: MAGRAMA, 2012.

This advance in the fight against BTV relaxes restrictions on exports of cattle, sheep and goats from Spain.

Links: https://servicio.mapama.gob.es/rasve/

First outbreak of bluetongue virus in Spain in the period of vector activity 2012-2013

Almudena Sánchez Matamoros  & José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno
November 7th, 2012. SUAT-UCM

On November 6, the first outbreak of bluetongue virus of vector activity 2012 – 2013 has been declared on a bovine sentinel farm located in Malpartida de Plasencia (Caceres, Spain). Confirmation of disease has been carried out by the Central Veterinary Laboratory Algete indicating that this is an outbreak of serotype 1. This fact implies the recurrence of the disease in Spain in 2012 in a restricted zone of the disease, so that no restrictions are set on the animal movements.

 Primer foco de Lengua Azul
Fig. 8: First outbreak of bluetongue virus in Spain in the new period of vector activity 2012-2013. 
Source: Red de Alerta Sanitaria (MAGRAMA).

Evolution of Bluetongue in Spain 2011-2012

Almudena Sánchez Matamoros  & José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno
October 30th, 2012. SUAT-UCM

Evolution of Bluetongue in Spain in the period of vector activity of 2011-2012.

In the period of vector activity of 2011 - 2012 (October to March) have been reported twelve outbreaks of bluetongue (BTV) in Spain. The serotypes responsible of the outbreak have been the serotype 1 and 4, not finding any outbreak of serotype 8 in this period (the last outbreak in 2010) (Figure 7). Nine outbreaks of serotype 1 have been declared between October and January. These outbreaks have been detected in sentinel farms in the province of Caceres and on the border in the province of Salamanca, where outbreaks have been detected in the recent years. From this date has not shown the presence of further outbreaks of the disease. In addition, the serotype 4 was detected in March 2012 within the restriction zone for serotypes 1, 4 and 8 in the provinces of Huelva and Seville, highlighting its detection in wildlife.

 Focos de Lengua Azul notificados en España durante el periodo de actividad del vector de 2011 a 2012 

Fig. 7:  Bluetongue outbreaks in Spain in the period of vector activity of 2011-2012. 
Source: Based on information from Spanish Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment MAGRAMA

In addition, this period was marked by the modification of the Order ARM/3373/2010 by the Order ARM/1614/2011. This Order established a model voluntary vaccination since July 31, 2011. Therefore, the important awareness of veterinarians and farmers of the benefits of vaccination as a control measure for the disease and their appropriate application has allowed to continue a favorable epidemiological evolution, decreasing the number of outbreaks in this period (table 2).

  evolucion epidemiologica lengua azul 2011-2012

Edwige Nina Belliere PhD Thesis

Tesis Edwige Nina BelliereCum laude for the Edwige Belliere Nina PhD Thesis: "Advances in cetaceans virology: molecular characterization of new sequences of Herpesvirus morbilllivirus" directed by Jose Manuel Sanchez-Vizcaino and Fernando Esperon.


Tesis Doctoral de Edwige Nina Belliere

Second SBV wave

Víctor Rodríguez Prieto & José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno
October 1st, 2012.  SUAT-UCM

The second season of Schmallenberg disease has begun.

     In the first epidemic wave Schmallenberg virus (SBV) infection affected eight countries in the European Union: Germany (December 2011), Netherlands (December 2011), Belgium (December 2011), United Kingdom (January 2012), France (January 2012), Italy(February 2012), Luxembourg (February 2012) and Spain (March 2012). Though the end of the season was declared to be at the end of May 2012, Denmark declared the first fetus affected by the SBV infection in June in the island of Funen (Figure 1, detail), while some weeks before antibodies against the virus were found in cattle in Jutland (Figure 1, detail). Moreover, the virus was detected in pools of midges of the genus Culicoides (species unknown yet) caught in October 2011, which means SBV has been circulating in very northern latitudes.

 Localización SBV Europa

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West Nile in Europe

Víctor Rodríguez Prieto & José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno
September 17th, 2012.  SUAT-UCM

Situation of West Nile in european environment in 2012.

In the European Union West Nile (WN) cases have only been reported during 2012 in equine in Greece and Croatia (Figure 1). Greece began suffering the disease in horses in 2010. Since then, at least 59 horses have been affected by the WN virus infection. As for Croatia, this is the first time that WN outbreaks are reported, having affected six horses. This is not surprisingly, given the active movement that the virus is having in recent years in the area (Figure 1). Although official data is not available yet, it is likely that lineage 2 is the responsible for the outbreaks in both countries.

Brotes de West Nile en caballos en Europa y la cuenca mediterránea desde 1999 hasta 2012.

Fig. 1. West Nile outbreaks in horses in Europe and the Mediterranean from 1999 to 2012. 
The blue stars show the outbreaks reported during 2012 in Croatia and Greece 
(Source: self elaboration with data from WAHID-OIE; last update September 17th, 2012).

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ESVV 2012

Madrid, September 2012: IX International Congress of Veterinary Virology


We are waiting for you!!!