Welcome to Animal Health, your reference Web for 16 years

We belong to the VISAVET Research Centre from the Complutense University of Madrid (UCM). We work in research and teaching on animal infectious diseases.

 
  • Queremos agradeceros todo el apoyo y fidelidad que nos habéis dado durante estos 16 años, estrenando nuevo diseño Web compatible con dispositivos móviles. A partir de septiembre habrá nuevas secciones. Os deseamos un feliz verano!
  • Somos Laboratorio de Referencia de la Organización Mundial de la Sanidad Animal (OIE) en Peste Porcina Africana (PPA) y Peste Equina Africana PEA.
  • Realizamos el diagnóstico de los principales virus que afectan a las abejas, siendo pioneros en el desarrollo y puesta a punto de nuevas técnicas para su estudio.
  • La investigación epidemiologica de la Peste Porcina Clásica y Africana (PPC y PPA) son dos de nuestras prioridades.
  • En SUAT trabajamos en la aplicación de la termografía a la sanidad animal, especialmente ventajosa en animales en libertad y de zoo.
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OUTLINES

Outbreak of Bluetongue located outside of the restriction zone

First outbreak of bluetongue located outside of the current restriction zone disease in Spain (Córdoba)

First outbreak of bluetongue located outside of the current restriction zone disease in Spain (Córdoba)An outbreak of bluetongue serotype 4 has been notified in September outside of the current restriction zone in the Córdoba province (Figure). Confirmation of this outbreak increase the restriction area against serotypes 1 and 4, as well as the compulsory vaccination program against serotype 4. Similarly, vaccination of susceptible animals is recommended in the risk area of reintroduction of this serotype. In the same way, the Spanish authorities have strengthened prevention, surveillance and control in the area.

Figure 1: First outbreak of bluetongue located outside of the restriction zone. Source: Red de Alerta Sanitaria (Ministerio de Agricultura, Alimentación y Medio Ambiente).
Link:
RASVE

Almudena Sánchez Matamoros & José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno
26/09/2014 - SUAT-UCM

4th Workshop Rapidia-Field Madrid

rapidiaLast May 22 was held at the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine UCM the International Workshop of the European Project Rapidia-Field “Rapid field diagnostics and screening in veterinary medicine”. The workshop was organized by the research group Suat-Visavet and included the participation of International Instiutions ( like the OIE) , government representatives from different countries and representatives from the industry and the animal production.

The main objective of this workshop wase the diffusion of significant data obtained along the project to animal health professionals.

Rapidia 4th Meeting Madrid 2014

triptych of the meetingBrochure of the meeting

European project ASFORCE

In October 2013 the European research project ASFORCE on control ASF was launched. 18 European institutions participate in the Consortium, including our research group  (ASFORCE website). 

ASFORCE

In the frame of the project, interesting research is being carried out, concerning the study of the pig production systems, their business relations and the surveillance systems implement on place. Further studies on the contact of domestic pigs and wild boar, transmission rates between both, or the study of the presence of ticks from Ornithodoros genus in Europe are also included. All information generated will be used in a spread model that will assess the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the control measures of the disease. Meanwhile, important studies are being developed in order to obtain an effective vaccine. 

Finally, an important mission of this project is to promote and increase awareness about ASF and the risk that this entails. To do this, several training courses have been developed in different countries and informative material summarizing the important aspects was created.

  • Flyers translated into 8 different languages, which can be free downloaded from this link
  • On the other hand, we invite you to review and update your knowledge in the online course on ASF.
     

 

The presence of ASF was confirmed in the EU

Lina Mur Gil & José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno
February 24th, 2014. SUAT-UCM

In recent weeks it has been reported for the first time, the presence of African swine fever (ASF) on two EU countries: Lithuania and Poland that were never affected by this disease. Since the entrance of ASF in Eastern Europe in mid-2007, the disease has followed a continuous and steady spread, greatly expanding its diffusion zones. These events posed a potential risk to the swine industry in the European Union (EU), as has seen confirmed in the last month. 

Outbreaks reported to OIE between 2007 and 19 February 2014 in Eastern Europe
Source: Own elaboration with data from OIE, 2014

During the early years, ASF remained more or less confined in the Caucasus region, affecting Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan and southern Russia. However, since summer 2011, the ASF outbreaks became common in the central region of Russia, where the disease is present in endemic form, affecting both domestic and wild boar (Sánchez-Vizcaíno et al., 2013). After settling in this central area, ASF continued to spread westward, and the first outbreaks were reported in 2012 in Ukraine, and in 2013 in Belarus. One of the reported outbreaks in Belarus was located within 30 km of the border with Lithuania.

These outbreaks caused alarm in the EU, fearing a possible entry of the disease in the EU, as it has ended up happening. The January 24, 2014 the presence of two death wild boar in Lithuania, positive to ASFV was notified to the OIE (OIE, 2014a). These wild boar were found within 15 km of the border with Belarus. The laboratory analysis confirmed the presence of ASFV in the wild boar by PCR technique. The virus was also. Antibodies were also found in tissue exudates. Another positive wild boar was also found dead in Poland in February 17, located only 900m from the border with Belarus (OIE, 2014b).

These are the first two EU countries affected by ASF from outbreaks in Eastern Europe. In both cases, the entry of the disease came from wild animals, which highlights the role that these animals may have in spreading the virus under favorable conditions. The fact that the infection has reached the gates of the EU through wildlife not only confirms the absence of effective control measures in the affected areas, but also the potential presence of the virus in much broader regions than the officially notified.

Sources:

  • Sánchez-Vizcaíno JM, Mur L, Martínez-López B. African swine fever (ASF): Five years around Europe. Vet Microbiol. 26; 165 (1-2):45-50.
  • World Organization for Animal Health, 2014a: WAHID database. Informe de notificación inmediata, OIE Ref: 14690.
  • World Organization for Animal Health, 2014b: WAHID database. Informe de notificación inmediata, OIE Ref: 14793.

1.500.000 doses of vaccine against BT

Almudena Sánchez Matamoros & José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno
February 19th, 2014. SUAT-UCM

Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment distributed 1,500,000 doses of vaccine against serotype 4 of bluetongue virus.

Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment has acquired 1,500,000 doses sufficient to protect all sensitive species located in the compulsory vaccination, estimated at 250,000 head of cattle and 500,000 sheep. This measure is to achieve the eradication of the disease, reduce its spread outside of the restricted zone and reduce the economic consequences associated with the presence of the disease in farms.

This acquisition is included within the framework of regulations, published last November (AAA/2201/2013), on specific measures to protect livestock cattle and sheep against the disease.

Related information: MAGRAMA

Bluetongue in Spain (February 2014)

Almudena Sánchez Matamoros & José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno
February 19th, 2014. SUAT-UCM

EPIDEMIOLOGIC SITUATION

In the vector activity period 2013-2014 has been a major change in the epidemiological situation of Bluetongue virus (BTV). This has led to the decision to enhance current surveillance, control and eradication measures against the disease, highlighting the changes in the vaccination program.

Epidemiological evolution vector activity period 2013-2014

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Global Platform for ASF

Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Alimentación y la Agricultura Professor José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno participate in the meeting "Launching of the Global Platform for African swine fever and other pig diseases" with a lecture entitled "A success story: ASF eradication from the Iberian Peninsula".

Place: Rome, Philippines room (FAO Headquarters).
Date: November 5th, 2013.

First outbreak of Bluetongue Virus (BTV) in Spain in the period of vector activity 2013-2014

Almudena Sánchez Matamoros & José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno
October 18th, 2013. SUAT-UCM

On October 15, Veterinary Officers of Andalusia and Castilla -La Mancha have reported the recirculation of BTV serotype 1 in Toledo and BTV serotypes 4 in Cadiz.

The first outbreak of BTV 1 of the vector activity 2013- 2014 has declared on a sentinel farm located in the district of Oropesa (Toledo). The outbreak was detected in unvaccinated bovine of the Bluetongue Surveillance National Program. Confirmation has been carried out by the Algete Central Veterinary Laboratory indicating that it is an outbreak of serotype 1. This fact implies the recurrence of the disease in Spain in 2013 after the last outbreak detected in Caceres in 2012.

Simultaneously, the first outbreak of BTV 4 of vector activity 2013-2014 was reported on a sheep farm located in the region of Campo de Gibraltar (Cadiz). The sampling was performed by the appearance of symptoms compatible with the disease. In the same way, confirmation and serotyping of the virus has been carried out by the Algete Central Veterinary Laboratory. In this case the recurrence of the disease has occurred six months after of the last reported outbreak in the same region.

Outbreaks have been declared in the restricted areas of disease for each of the serotypes, but Spanish Government has decided to increase the prevention, surveillance and control measures of the disease in these areas. The aim is prevent the spread of the disease and increase the information epidemiology of the disease in Spain. In addition, the vaccination of susceptible animals in the affected areas and neighboring areas has been recommended.

Links: RASVE