New research article published entitled "An advection-deposition-survival model to assess the risk of introduction of vector-borne diseases through the wind: Application to bluetongue outbreaks in Spain".
This work develops a methodology for estimating risk of wind-borne introduction of flying insects into a country, identifying areas and periods of high risk of vector-borne diseases incursion. This risk can be characterized by the role of suitable temperatures and wind currents in small insects' survival and movements, respectively. The model predicts the number density of introduced insects over space and time based on three processes: the advection due to wind currents, the deposition on the ground and the survival due to climatic conditions. Spanish livestock has suffered many bluetongue outbreaks since 2004 and numerous experts point to Culicoides transported by wind from affected areas in North Africa as a possible cause. This work implements numerical experiments simulating the introduction of Culicoides in 2004. The model identified southern and eastern Spain, particularly between June and November, as being at greatest risk of wind-borne Culicoides introduction, which matches field data on bluetongue outbreaks in Spain this year. This validation suggests that this model may be useful for predicting introduction of airborne pathogens of significance to animal productivity.
Fernandez-Carrion E., Ivorra B., Ramos AM., Martinez-Lopez B., Aguilar-Vega C., Sanchez-Vizcaino JM.
On December 19, Professor José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno was named "Adjunct Professor" of the Veterinary Population Medicine Department, at University of Minnesota, for the 2017-2018 academic year, in recognition of his academic contribution in that department.
On December 20, Dr. José Ángel Barasona will participate in this course with the presentation: New scientific studies 2013-2016 on epidemiology and wildlife. Future perspectives.
On December 6, Professor Sánchez-Vizcaíno will visit the Hokkaido University in Japan to give the seminar "The outline of African Swine Fever".
The Spanish Society for the Conservation and Study of Mammals has held its thirteenth congress in Guadalajara from 6 to 9 December. The Viral Immunology and Preventive Medicine group has participated with the following communications:
- Situación sanitaria de carnívoros silvestres en Castilla-La Mancha: preparando el terreno para el lince ibérico.
Lima-Barbero JF., Barasona JA., Ruiz Alba JF., Mata Huete M., Triguero-Ocana R., Risalde MA., Ferreras P., Diaz Ruiz F., Tobajas J., Boadella M. y Gortazar C.
- Efecto de la tortuosidad sobre las estimas del rango diario de desplazamiento: el jabalí (Sus scrofa) como caso de estudio.
Palencia P., Barroso P., Vicente J., Barasona JA. y Acevedo P.
- Actualización de la peste porcina africana en la interfaz jabalí/porcino doméstico: medidas preventivas.
Jurado C., Ruiz-Fons F., Sanchez-Vizcaino JM. y Barasona JA.
- El incremento poblacional del jabalí amenaza la fauna silvestre asociada a los humedales.
Barasona JA., Boadella M., Gortazar C., Pinheiro X., Zumalacarregui C., Vicente J. y Vinuela J.
- Primeros datos de área de campeo del jabalí (Sus scrofa, L. 1758) en Galicia (Póster).
Pardavila-Rodriguez X., Lamosa-Torres A., Carro-Marino F., Vicente J., Barasona JA., Acevedo P. y Soriguer R.
- Monitorización sanitaria del lince ibérico reintroducido en Castilla-La Mancha (Póster).
Lima-Barbero JF., Crespo E., Garcia-Talens A. y Barasona JA.
New research article published in Transboundary and Emerging Diseases journal.