Research article published in Scientific Reports journal
Abstract: Bluetongue virus (BTV) epidemics are responsible for worldwide economic losses of up to US$ 3 billion. Understanding the global evolutionary epidemiology of BTV is critical in designing intervention programs. Here we employed phylodynamic models to quantify the evolutionary characteristics, spatiotemporal origins, and multi-host transmission dynamics of BTV across the globe. We inferred that goats are the ancestral hosts for BTV but are less likely to be important for cross-species transmission, sheep and cattle continue to be important for the transmission and maintenance of infection between other species. Our models pointed to China and India, countries with the highest population of goats, as the likely ancestral country for BTV emergence and dispersal worldwide over 1000 years ago. However, the increased diversification and dispersal of BTV coincided with the initiation of transcontinental livestock trade after the 1850s. Our analysis uncovered important epidemiological aspects of BTV that may guide future molecular surveillance of BTV.
Moh A Alkhamis, Cecilia Aguilar-Vega, Nicholas M Fountain-Jones, Kai Lin, Andres M Perez, José M Sánchez-Vizcaíno
Conference "2020: a year of pandemics" by José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno Rodríguez, Professor of Animal Health at the Complutense University of Madrid. Dr. Honoris Causa by the University of Murcia.
Free access with this invitation (1st of December 18:30h)
Computer Vision Applied to Detect Lethargy through Animal Motion Monitoring: A Trial on African Swine Fever in Wild Boar
New research article published in Animals journal.
Early detection of infectious diseases is the most cost-effective strategy in disease surveillance for reducing the risk of outbreaks. Latest deep learning and computer vision improvements are powerful tools that potentially open up a new field of research in epidemiology and disease control. These techniques were used here to develop an algorithm aimed to track and compute animal motion in real time. This algorithm was used in experimental trials in order to assess African swine fever (ASF) infection course in Eurasian wild boar. Overall, the outcomes showed negative correlation between motion reduction and fever caused by ASF infection. In addition, infected animals computed significant lower movements compared to uninfected animals. The obtained results suggest that a motion monitoring system based on artificial vision may be used in indoors to trigger suspicions of fever. It would help farmers and animal health services to detect early clinical signs compatible with infectious diseases. This technology shows a promising non-intrusive, economic and real time solution in the livestock industry with especial interest in ASF, considering the current concern in the world pig industry.
Fernández-Carrión E., Barasona JA., Sánchez A., Jurado C., Cadenas-Fernández E., Sánchez-Vizcaíno JM.
The aim is to keep ASF outside Spain.
Link to the article (spanish text)
The virtual edition of the SEPOR fair starts responding to the challenges in animal and public health
The measures taken against covid in pigs have been exposed (26/10/2020)
The rector Joaquín Goyache has carried out an analysis of emerging diseases and their effects on the society and the economy. In his speech, Professor José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno presented the latest advances in the development of the ASF vaccine.